A version of CBD oil was just studied for its benefits in childhood epilepsy—and will now be released as simply a CBD oil. For many battling epilepsy, Epidiolex, a purified form of CBD oil, is a lifesaver. In approving the first cannabis-derived medicine, the FDA determined that the antiseizure benefits of Epidiolex outweigh any potential risks.
Made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, it’s typically diluted with hemp seed oil and has been a popular option for those who seek relief from pain and want a safer alternative to prescription drugs. Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is one of the 104 chemical compounds found in the marijuana (cannabis) plant. Unlike Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is used in medical marijuana, CBD is not psychoactive and cannot get you “high”. Jacobson and other parents I spoke with argue that in difficult medical cases, doctors are already tinkering with potentially toxic drugs, so why can’t they — the parents or the patients — experiment with a less-toxic product? Scientists could search for signals on what to study in this sea of self-experimentation.
“Managing psychoactivity is key to successful cannabis therapy,” says Lee, author of Smoke Signals. The wider the range included, versus just CBD, the greater the potential medicinal benefit of the product, says Lee. The wisest thing to do is to buy CBD made from American-grown hemp, ideally from a state such as California or Colorado (Dr. Parodneck likes this one). A recent study of 84 CBD products bought online showed that more than a quarter of the products contained less CBD than labeled, but that THC was found in 18 products. Research published in The Journal of the American Medical Association revealed that 43 percent of CBD oils tested had more THC in them than labeled.
One obvious solution to the uncertainties around legality, quality and safety of CBD products would be to force all CBD into the F.D.A. drug-approval pipeline, making it a prescription best CBD gummies drug only. Somewhat surprisingly, Catherine Jacobson does not want that to happen.
Of course, the most famous cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, which is the main psychoactive component in marijuana (aka, the part that gets you high). Because CBD is not psychoactive, it does not create the same buzzy effects typically associated with marijuana when ingested. Last year, consumer sales of CBD products topped $350 million in the United states, more than triple the amount sold in 2014, and various estimates predict the market could reach $2 billion within the next two to four years. There’s no definitive amount that’s appropriate for everyone, but the ratio of CBD to THC will indicate how psychoactive the product is and if it’s legal in your state. The more CBD compared with THC, the less of a high, and vice versa.
Well, much like with other cannabis products, that’s kind of a gray area. On the federal level, any CBD products derived from cannabis plants are completely illegal, unless they are approved by the FDA (which only includes Epidiolex at the moment), the Drug Enforcement Agency said in September. In other words, the official stance of the federal government seems to be that CBD products are illegal whether they are derived from cannabis or hemp. The term "CBD" is a nickname for cannabidiol, which is one of several cannabinoids, or chemical compounds, that are found in cannabis and hemp plants.